hainan gibbon facts

We launched the first population census and only confirmed the presence of 13 individuals in two groups. The Hainan gibbon and eastern black gibbon differ in their hair coloration (Geissmann et al. Bringing the Hainan Gibbon Back from the Brink. Since 1989, the Hainan black-crested gibbon has been under first-class state protection in China. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Seacology, a non-profit organization in Berkeley, California, United States, initiated a project to protect the highly endangered Hainan gibbon in exchange for scholarships for the children of four villages near Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. Waarschijnlijk was de voorkeurshabitat tropisch laaglandbos, maar dat is sinds de jaren 1960 omgezet in rubberplantages. Geographic Range. Males are larger than females. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. the world’s rarest ape, rarest primate, and probably rarest mammal species. The population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon has largely decreased in the 1970s due to habitat loss. Gibbons, together with the Orang-utans of Asia and Chimpanzee and Gorillas of Africa, are the four living non-human apes. Most gibbon species are monogamous, but the Hainan Gibbon lives in families consisting of one husband, two wives and their immature offspring. Rond 2008 kwamen er nog maar een paar groepen voor in het natuurreservaat Bawangling, waar ze leefden in hellingbossen tussen de 650 en 1200 m boven de zeespiegel. De Hainangibbon lijkt sterk op de verwante Nomascus nasutus. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. Soon the females, distinctive by their golden colouring, and their young join in, … The average weight of males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight of females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). To pull the species back from the brink of extinction, KCC worked with Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve to establish two gibbon monitoring teams, sponsor researchers to study the species, conduct annual population census, plant the species’ favourite native food trees produced by a local nursery, promote sustainable agriculture (rubber agroforestry and eco beekeeping) and conduct awareness raising activities amongst the local community. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan ( China ). De Hainan-gibbons klampen zich letterlijk en figuurlijk vast aan de takken van het regenwoud in de bergen waar mensen nog niet zijn begonnen met houtkap.” Hij zegt ook dat zowel de soort als het leefgebied door de Chinese wet werden en worden beschermd, maar dat is onvoldoende: Size: 17 to 25 inches. There are only around 30 Hainan gibbon individuals left in the world, but conservationists see a potential future for this animal. They can reach 17 to 25 inches in length and weigh between 9 and 29 pounds. These characteristics, in association with the newly discovered genetic differences, suggest that the Hainan gibbon and eastern black gibbon be considered distinct species (Roos and Nadler 2005; Roos et al. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. Conservation and Research - Fauna Conservation, Monitoring the Shark Fin Trade in Hong Kong, Screening of Wildlife Products Sold in Hong Kong Markets, Collaborative Research in KFBG’s Nature Reserve, Self-guide Activities and Suggested Itineraries, Educational Exhibits: Some Rescued Animals Perform an Educational Role, Become a KFBG Member - I’m a Friend of Nature. [1], In 2011 werden door onderzoekers nog maar 22 dieren aangetroffen, verdeeld over twee groepen en daarnaast nog vier solitair rondtrekkende dieren. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. 2007). The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. Hainan Black Crested Gibbon Facts Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. This species is so rare that they are only found on Hainan Island in China. [2], Hainangibbons zijn uitgesproken bosdieren die overdag actief zijn. This article is more than 5 years old. Its habitat consists of broad-leaved forests and semi-deciduous mons… They are slender primates, possess with long arms and legs. Ravaged by deforestation and poaching, the ape now lives only in … The Hainan black-crested gibbon or Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), is a species of gibbon found only on Hainan Island, China. Facts: The entire Hainan gibbon population of only 23-25 individuals is restricted to about 15km2 of highly fragmented habitat. Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is one of the world's most endangered primates. The entire population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon, Nomascus hainanus, is found in the 300 km^2 Bawangling National Nature Reserve (BNNR) on Hainan Island off of the coast of China.Historically, N. hainanus was widespread on Hainan Island but a recent estimate put its entire geographic range as low as 14 to 16 km^2 of BNNR. Hainan gibbons, or Nomascus hainanus, love to sing. Op grond van DNA-onderzoek en nauwkeurige analyse van het geluid is geconcludeerd dat het hier om een soort gaat en niet om een ondersoort Nomascus nasutus hainanus. The discovery of a new breeding pair raises hope for the survival of the world's rarest primate, the Hainan Gibbon. Oct 15, 2012 - Learn more about the Hainan gibbon - with amazing Hainan gibbon photos and facts on Arkive [3] De IUCN schat de achteruitgang in aantal op met dan 80% in 45 jaar (>3,5% per jaar). The Hainan gibbon species is restricted to just 0.8 sq mi (2 sq km) within the Bawangling National Nature Reserve on the western side of Hainan Island in the South China Sea. Molecular data, together with morphology and call differences, suggest it is a separate species. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) Weight: 9 to 29 pounds. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. Only around 25 remain. Average Life Span In The Wild: Up to 25 years. First use of artificial canopy bridge by the world's most critically endangered primate the Hainan gibbon Nomascus hainanus. CBSG facilitated and provided modeling support at an international workshop for Hainan gibbons, which are some of the most endangered primates in the world. The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. This specie is arboreal and the females give birth to only one offspring every two years! Scientific Reports. The Hainan Gibbon is the rarest primate on Earth. The government then established the Bawangling National Nature Reserve to connect the fragmented habitats of the species. Males are generally completely black and have white or buff cheeks, while the females are a golden or buff colour all over with black patches including a streak of black on the head. An estimated 2,000 Hainan gibbons remained in the wild during the 1950s, but by the 1970s, habitat loss and hunting had slashed their number to 10 individuals. The average weight for males is about 14.57 lb (6.61 kg); average weight for females is about 14.47 lb (6.563 kg). De Hainangibbon wordt in zijn voortbestaan ernstig bedreigd door aantasting van het leefgebied en doordat er nog zo weinig van over zijn. With our determined effort, the Hainan Gibbon population has increased to more than 30 individuals in five groups in 2020. 10 (15176). Hainan Gibbon Fun Facts (I) 2 August 2018 | China Eco Tales. (Zhang, et al., 2010; Zhou, et al., 2005) BBC 1 juni 2020 door Helen Briggs, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hainangibbon&oldid=56696520, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding gelijk aan Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. The Hainan gibbon, Nomascus hainanus (Thomas), is the world's rarest ape and one of world's most endangered mammal species (Bryant et al. Deze gibbonsoort werd tot 2007 beschouwd als ondersoort van Nomascus nasutus, een gibbonsoort die voorkomt in Vietnam en aangrenzende provincies in China. There were around 2000 of them living in the wild around 70 years ago. Hainan gibbon ‘clinging on’ with 25 left in China. But perhaps the most noteworthy fact about this primate, however, remains its truly unfortunate status. Ze trekken rond in groepjes van 4 tot 8 individuen. In 2005, the first Conservation Action Plan to protect the Hainan gibbon was created. The Hainan gibbon is active during the day, eats almost only fruits, like figues for example. The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! The Hainan Black Crested Gibbon is a species which is coloured differently for each sex. Like the great apes, they have a humanlike build and no tail, but they seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. In a drastic effort to save the species, the Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project monitored and researched those last holdouts, patrolled their territories for hunters, and planted trees. 6 How fast is a Hainan gibbon? Interesting Gibbon Facts: Gibbons are small and lightweight apes. This article is more than 5 years old. Habitat loss and fragmentation are the primary drivers of Hainan gibbon population decline. Hainan gibbons weigh between 12.78 and 22.03 lb (5.8-10 kg). They also differ in having longer … [4], Hainangibbon op de IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Glimmer of hope for world's rarest primate. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. Numerous projects to study the gibbons’ ecology, habitat and population dynamics have also been funded. 2) Concolor or black crested gibbon (Nomascus concolor) 3) Eastern black crested gibbon or Cao Vit (Nomascus nasutus) 4) Hainan black crested gibbon (Nomascus hainanus) 5) Northern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus leucogenys) 6) Southern white-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus siki) 7) Yellow –cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) 4. De Hainangibbon ( Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. Still, as recently as 1950, the gibbon population topped 2,000, and it could be found in 12 of Hainan’s 19 counties. Hainan gibbons are largely frugivorous (eat fruit) and folivorous (eat leaves), but gibbons are also known to like snacking on insects, flowers and bird eggs. Daarom staat de Hainangibbon als ernstig bedreigd (kritiek) op de rode lijst en behoort deze aap tot de meest bedreigde diersoorten onder de mensapen. As a new day dawns the adult males, their fur a deep, rich black, climb to the top of the canopy to greet the rising sun with their warbling cry. Geographic Range. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 9 jul 2020 om 16:05. Gibbons are small apes found throughout Southeast Asia. The Hainan Gibbon Look at this baby Hainan Gibbon! Only around 25 remain. Tweet The Hainan gibbon (Nomascus hainanus), once widespread across Hainan, China, is now found only in the Bawangling National Nature Reserve. Gibbon, (family Hylobatidae), any of approximately 20 species of small apes found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.Gibbons, like the great apes (gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees, and bonobos), have a humanlike build and no tail, but gibbons seem to lack higher cognitive abilities and self-awareness. Hainan Gibbon Facts The Hainan gibbon is the rarest ape in the world. Most notably, the Hainan Black Crested Gibbon ranks as one of the most fascinating of all primate species. 2000; Mootnick 2006) and territorial calls (La Q. Trung and Trinh D. Hoang 2004). De Hainangibbon (Nomascus hainanus) is een soort van de familie gibbons (Hylobatidae) en de superfamilie van de mensapen. De Hainangibbon is een endemische soort die alleen voorkomt op het eiland Hainan (China). With a remaining population size of 33 individuals, it is the world’s rarest primate. 2015;Geissmann and Bleisch 2008;Stone 2011;Zhou et … In 2020, it was announced that the population has increased to 30 animals. The rest are in decline. 95% of their original habitat of lowland, tropical primary forest has been destroyed. The Hainan gibbon or Hainan black-crested gibbon of China (Nomascus hainanus) is critically endangered and is the rarest primate in the world. It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. The species is well-known for being great singers since they sing duets at dawn to mark their territories and enhance bonding, bachelors also sing solos to attract females. The entire population of the Hainan black-crested gibbon, Nomascus hainanus, is found in the 300 km^2 Bawangling National Nature Reserve (BNNR) on Hainan Island off of the coast of China.Historically, N. hainanus was widespread on Hainan Island but a recent estimate put its entire geographic range as low as 14 to 16 km^2 of BNNR. Over 2,000 individuals were estimated to live throughout the island in the 1950s, but due to rampant poaching and forest loss, the population declined sharply to less than 10 individuals in the 1970s. They are slender primates, with long arms and legs. Ze eten voornamelijk fruit en bladeren. The majestic and enigmatic Hainan gibbon is confined to a single small patch of forest. There are only around 30 of them living in the wild. This occurs due to the fact that the two genders develop completely different color patterns. It is endemic to Hainan Island and is now restricted to Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. Gibbon, any of approximately 20 species of small apes found in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. In 2015, only 10 animals existed, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, or the IUCN. 95% of their original habitat of lowland, tropical primary forest has been destroyed. The species have very different looking adult males and females: Adult males are jet black with a hairy crest, while adult females are golden yellow with a black crown. In 2003, the Kadoorie Conservation China Department (KCC) was invited by the local authority to take an active role in saving the Hainan Gibbon. It was formerly considered a subspecies of the eastern black crested gibbon (Nomascus nasutus) from Hòa Bình and Cao Bằng provinces of Vietnamand Jingxi County in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. They all lack a tail and are considered the closest relatives to human. Scientific name: Nomascus hainanusOrder: PrimatesFamily: HylobatidaeIUCN Red List: Critically EndangeredCITES: Appendix IState Key Protected Animal List of China: Class I. [1], Volgens een persbericht van de Hainan Gibbon Conservation Project in mei 2020 werden eind 2019 op Hainan vijf paren geteld met jongen (samen 30 individuen met een nieuw paar dat gezien en gehoord werd). In the past 45 years, almost 80% of the population has disappeared , due to hunting, habitat lost and also due to the fact that they only live on one island in particular. Gibbons are the true king of the swingers and highly adapted to life in the trees. Hainan gibbons weigh between 12.78 and 22.03 lb (5.8-10 kg). This outlined various strategies, such as ongoing monitoring of the gibbon population, reforestation and increased patrols to prevent poaching and logging. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It holds this opinion-based distinction for several reasons. As of 2020, it is the only gibbon species assessed by the IUCN Red List to have a stable population – all 19 other species are decreasing in numbers. 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